TOC EventsSailors SocietyOvetPort of StocktonTBA - Software Solutions & Services for ports, terminals & warehousesTMS Tanker Conference 2018
  • MULTIMODAL 2019
  • Port of Stockton
  • TMS Tanker Conference 2018
  • TBA - Software Solutions & Services for ports, terminals & warehouses
  • Sailors Society
  • Stemm

U.S. coal exports increase

(Posted on 26/04/18)

The United States exported 97.0 million short tons (MMst) of coal in 2017, a 61% (36.7 MMst) increase from the 2016 level. Exports to Asia more than doubled from 15.7 MMst in 2016 to 32.8 MMst in 2017, although Europe continues to be the largest recipient of U.S. coal exports.

Steam coal, which is used to generate electricity, accounted for most of the increase in 2017 coal exports. India, South Korea, and Japan were three of the top five recipients of U.S. steam coal exports in 2017. India, the largest importer of steam coal from the United States, imported 7.6 MMst of steam coal from the United States in 2017—nearly three times as much as in 2016—mainly to fuel growing electricity capacity in the country.

Coal-fired generating capacity in India has more than doubled in recent years to meet growing electricity demand. Although India produces enough coal to meet most of its domestic needs, a large portion of India’s new coal-fired power plants require coal with higher quality and energy content than the coal that is typically produced in India, resulting in these power plants having to import coal from elsewhere.

South Korea was the third-largest recipient of U.S. steam coal in 2017, importing 5.9 MMst, up from 1.3 MMst in 2016. This increase was primarily because of South Korea’s plan to transition away from nuclear power, increasing its reliance on electricity generated from coal-fired power plants.

Japan’s electricity generation is dominated by fossil fuel plants, as much of Japan’s nuclear fleet has yet to restart after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident and resulting shutdown of the country’s other nuclear power plants. Japan depends on imports for more than 90% of its energy needs, and U.S. steam coal exports to Japan were 2.7 MMst in 2017, up from 0.6 MMst in 2016.

Supply disruptions can also affect the amount and destination of U.S. coal exports. In 2017, disruptions to coal supply from Australia and Indonesia—traditionally the main source of coal for many countries in Asia—meant that many Asian countries turned to imports from the United States to offset these disruptions.

Transportation costs also need to be low enough to make it worthwhile for producers to ship U.S. coal to Asia. Approximately 61% of U.S. coal exports to Asia originate from Norfolk, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland, a journey of up to 45 days.

U.S. metallurgical coal exports also increased in 2017, reaching 55.3 MMst and accounting for 57% of total coal exports, up more than a third from 2016. Metallurgical coal is mainly used in steel production. Europe was the top destination for metallurgical coal exports, accounting for 45% of total U.S. metallurgical exports in 2017.

The top six countries (Brazil, Japan, Ukraine, Canada, India, and South Korea) importing metallurgical coal from the United States accounted for more than half of all metallurgical exports in 2017. Five of these six countries, with the exception of Ukraine, were also among the top ten countries that exported steel to the United States in 2017.

Latest News

BPH drones take flight

(Posted on 11/10/18)

BHP was an early adopter of drones across its mine sites. Now drones are taking flight at BHP’... Read more


thyssenkrupp awarded Thail mining contact

(Posted on 11/10/18)

thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions, a leading partner for the engineering, construction and service of... Read more


Rio Tinto and Hancock Prospecting open new mine

(Posted on 11/10/18)

Rio Tinto and Hancock Prospecting have opened a new mine at Hope Downs in the Pilbara, Western Australia... Read more


Rio Tinto approves Pilbara iron ore investment

(Posted on 04/10/18)

Rio Tinto, together with joint venture partners Mitsui and Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal, have approved... Read more


DuPont Tate & Lyle’s new distribution centre

(Posted on 04/10/18)

DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products Company, LLC, a manufacturer of natural and renewably sourced ingredients... Read more


AAPA concerned over U.S. trade tariffs

(Posted on 28/09/18)

With the U.S. government’s announcement last week on the imposition of an additional $200 billion... Read more


Bühler’s digital service for food and feed drying

(Posted on 28/09/18)

At Microsoft Ignite, Bühler has officially launches MoisturePro, a cloud-based digital service... Read more


Rio Tinto share buy-back details

(Posted on 20/09/18)

Rio Tinto has unveiled the details of how it intends to return approximately $3.2 billion of post-tax... Read more


US Steel shipments up 5.8% from July 2017

(Posted on 20/09/18)

The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has reported that for the month of July 2018, U.S. steel... Read more


ArcelorMittal’s revised proposal for Essar Steel acquisition

(Posted on 14/09/18)

In response to media speculation, ArcelorMittal has confirmed that on 10 September 2018, it submitted... Read more


Cimbria Bulk Equipment A/SDocksolidThe Maritime Standards Awards 2018TMS Awards 2016 winnersMultimodal 2018Vigan Engineering S.A
  • Ovet
  • Docksolid

Subscribe to our newsletter

Keep up to date with the latest global news in bulk cargo handling and shipping